Kabul Afghanistan, Kabul is the largest city and the capital of Afghanistan with a estimated population of four million (4.000.000) people.
There are several different ethnicities living in Kabul city from all over the country such as Tajiks, Pashtuns, Hazaras, Uzbeks, Turkmens, Pashaye, and Noristanies. It is mostly dominated by Tajiks and the spoken language of the capital is predominantly Dari (Persian).
Kabul city is an economical and cultural center, situated around 5,900 feet (1,800 m) above sea level in a narrow valley, between the Hindu Kush Mountains along the Kabul River. Kabul city is linked with Ghazni, Kandahar, , Herat and Mazar-e-Sharif, cities through a long circular highway that stretches across the country. It is also linked by highways with Pakistan to the East and Southeast and Tajikistan to the north of the country.
According to the historians, Kabul Province has a history of over 3,000 years. Many empires have long fought over the city for its strategic location along the trade routes of Southern and Central Asia. In 1504, Babur the founder of Mughul dynasty captured the city and used it as the headquarter until 1526, before his conquest of India. Later in 1776, Timur Shah Durrani announced the city as the capital of modern Afghanistan.
The city of Kabul is one of the 15 districts of the Kabul province, and it is divided into 18 sectors, which each sector covers several neighborhoods of the city. The numbers of sectors in the city were increased from 11 to 18 sectors in 2005 after the establishment of Afghan government.
Kabul Afghanistan has two independent councils or administrations at once known as Prefecture and Municipality. The Prefect who is the governor of the province, is appointed by the Ministry of Interior, and is responsible for the administrative and formal issues of the entire province. The Mayor of kabol city is selected by the President of Afghanistan, who engages in the city's planning and environmental issues.
Moreover, the police and security forces belong to the prefecture and ministry of Interior. The chief of police is selected by the ministry of Interior and is responsible for law enforcement and security of the city.
The capital of Afghanistan kabul has a semi-arid climate weather with a hot summer which lasts from June to August. During the summer the temperature rise to 48C with very low humidity. The autumn months of September, October and November have moderate temperatures and low humidity with a little dusty wind. Winters are cold, harsh, snowy,starts from December to March. Spring in Kabul starts in late March and it is the rainy part of the year.
After establishment of the new government in 2002, all public schools in the capital reopened. Now, both boys and girls go to school from first to twelfth grade(class) and then to Universities.
The city's colleges and universities were also renovated in 2002. Some of them were recently developed while the others existed since the early 1900s.
Kabul University (with several faculties and departments.
Kabul Polytechnic (Engineering and Architecture)
American University of Afghanistan
National Military Academy of Afghanistan
University of Afghanistan
Kabul Medical University
International School of Kabul
And several other private schools and universities can be found in the city.
The old part of the city is filled with bazaars nestled along its narrow and crooked streets.
There are several cultural sites including:
The Mausoleum of Emperor Babur
Minar-i-Istiqlal (Column of Independence built in 1919 after the Third Afghan War)
The mausoleum of Timor Shah Durrani,
The ruined Darul Aman Palace
EID Gah Mosque (founded 1893).
Bala Hissaar (which is a fort destroyed by the British in 1879, in retaliation for the death of their envoy and now restored as a military college)
The Minaret of Chakari
Places to go around Kabul province are as follows:
Wazir Akbar Khan district (The embassies and restaurants)
Kabul Golf Club,
Afghan National Gallery,
Afghan National Archive,
Afghan Royal Family Mausoleum,
The OMAR Mine Museum,
Bibi Mahroo Hill,
Tappe-i-Maranjan (a nearby hill where Buddhist statues and Graeco-Bactrian coins from the 2nd century BC have been found)
Paghman and Jalalabad are the interesting valleys north and east of the city for camping and vacation.
The shopping places in the city are such as:
Kabul City Center (which is the first big and modern shopping mall of the city)
Flower Street (for beautiful roses and food)
Chicken Street, (for Antiques, old jewelry and arts)
Mandawi (A Wholesale huge market of the downtown)
There are several parks & gardens in Kabul city such as:
Baghi Babur (Babur Gardens)
Baghi Bala Park (Intercontinental Hotel)
Qargha Lake, Park
Zar negar Park
Shar-e Naw Park
Bagh-e Zanana (Women garden)
Chaman-e-Hozori & Kabul Stadium
Bagh-e- Chehilseton (Chehilseton Garden)
Famous Mosques of the city are:
Haji Abdul Rahman Mosque (Under construction)
EID Gah Mosque
Pul-e Khishti Mosque
Shah-e Do Shamshera Mosque
The famous Mausoleum in the city is:
Mausoleum of Tamim Ansar ( Shohada)
Governmental, Private and International Banks in Kabul Afghanistan are:
Da Afghanistan Bank (National Bank of Afghanistan)
Kabul Bank (Private Afghan Bank)
Azizi Bank (Private Bank)
Pashtany Bank (Governmental Bank)
AIB Bank (Afghanistan International Bank)
Standard Chartered Bank (International Bank)
Panjab Bank (International Bank of Pakistan)
Habib Bank (International Bank of Pakistan)
Famous Hotels of the city for Tourists & International visitors:
Marriott ( A 5-star Under Construction)
Serena Hotel (the first biggest and modern 5-star hotel in the city and located in the center of the downtown)
The Inter-Continental Hotel was the first largest hotel in Kabul Afghanistan with a very nice swimming pool and a nice view of the city. It's located on the hills known as Baghi Bala garden, you can find it on the map below:
Safi Landmark Hotel (The third nice and modern 4-star hotel located in the center of Kabul city 'Shah-e-Nauw' with a modern shopping mall) find it on the map below:
Golden Star Hotel
Heetal Plaza Hotel
This is the satellite map of Kabul Afghanistan and a few districts. Please click on the + button on top lift side of the map to zoom in and move your cursor for more details of the city.
The new project of expanding of Kabul Afghanistan has started and an initial concept design called the City of Light Development and it will be completed within the next 20 to 25 years.