Taluqan which can be spelled as Talokan or Taloqan is the capital of Takhar province which is located in northern Afghanistan with the 2006 estimated population of 196,400 people.
Takhar province was established in 1964 when Qataghan Province was divided into three provinces: Baghlan, Kunduz and Takhar. The city has an ancient history and the old city to the west on the riverside was described by Marco Polo in 1275 CE as:
"a castle called Taikhan, where there is a great corn-market, and the country round is fine and fruitful. The hills that lie to the south of it is large and lofty. They all consist of white salt, extremely hard, with which the people for a distance of thirty days' journey round come to provide themselves, for it is esteemed the purest that is found in the world. It is so hard, that it can be broken only with great iron hammers. The quantity is so great that all the countries of the earth might be supplied from thence".
Taluqan Afghanistan was the last major city that fell to the Taliban in January 2001, after a bloody siege which claimed lives of hundreds of civilians. In November of 2001 the the city was liberated by Northern Alliance fighters and hundreds of refugees returned to the city.
Takhar province has several districts such as:
Khwaja Baha Wuddin
Takhar is an agricultural province with several fine products. The main products of the city are:
Wheat and rice but most of the areas are cultivated with cotton, potato and fodder crops such as: alfalfa, maize, barley etc. Vegetables can be produced as well such as water melon, carrots, onions, tomatoes and okra. Farm Forestry and cottage fruit production can be widely found in the city. During the years of crisis markets were lost, forcing many households to restrict themselves to subsistence farming, growing grains and small quantities of vegetables and fruits, and to keeping cattle.
Rich minerals of the city:
Takhar has coal reserves of fairly good quality which are being exploited by hand in some villages and sold in the region. The local population considers gold the most relevant resource for the Province. Gold is being washed in Takhar River, and about 2kgs are being transported to the specific weekly markets in the city of Taluqan. Also the city is a main source of construction materials like: loam, sand, and different types of stones. Takhar province is known for it's salt mountains and you can find large deposits of fine salt in the region. The Takcha Khanna salt mine is one of the growing number of salt supplier, for the population of Takhar and northern Afghanistan. While the mines offer economic opportunities in the region, the availability of iodized salt considerably reduces the prevalence of health problems related to iodine deficiency.
Here is the satellite map of Taluqan city. Please click on the + button on top lift side of the map to zoom in and move your curser for more details of the city.
The other popularity of Taloqan or the province itself is the tradition of high-level meat and diary productions for it's local consumption. In the remote areas of Takhar Province farmers keep small ruminants for wool, meat and milk as a traditional way