Ghazni is one of the thirty-four provinces and one of Afghanistans major cities with the estimated population of 141.000 people. It is located in the east of the country along the Kabul to Kandahar road. It has been a strategic and historically important trade center between these two major cities. The capital of the province is Ghazni city. There are several ethnic groups which live in the city such as Pashtuns, Hazaras, Tajiks, and a small number of Hindus. The spoken language depends on the districts but Dari and Pashtu are most common in the region.
The city was a thriving Buddhist center before and during the 7th century AD and excavators have revealed religious artifacts of both Hindu and Buddhist traditions. The two Buddhist centers were the Fondukistan and Tepe-e-sardar which displayed the influence of Indians in the seventh and eighth centuries. There are several statues and artifacts have been found from the region which shows that the city was one of the Buddhist’s main centers, prior to the 7th century.
The city has Hindu & Sikhs residences which the estimation can be from 50 to 200 families in the province. The total estimation of the Hindu and Sikhs in Afghanistan is about 500, to 1000 families which mostly live in main cites such as Kabul, Jalalabad, Ghazni, Kandahar. During the Taliban regime some of them fled from the country, but after the establishment of the current administration they have returned back to the country.
The province doesn’t have significant natural resources, but there are some mineral resources in Zarkashan mountain in Nowar district, as well as some natural wild almond forests in Qarabagh and Jaghatu districts. There are three man made water reservoirs such as : Sarda, Zanakhan and Band Sultan and two natural water suppliers in Nowar and Muqar districts.
There is no major development going on in Ghazni province due to the worsening of the security.
Before the conflict, agriculture and livestock were the main sectors providing livelihoods to majority of the population. These sectors were severely hit by the three decades of war and most of the population migrated to neighboring countries. Lately some efforts for the recovery of agriculture and livestock sectors have been made by different organizations but due to the drought and security challenges in the region, these efforts are not very successful.
The current products of the province are:
Grapes, Plum, Apples, Almonds, are largely exported through local marketing channels to the capital and neighbor countries. Vegetables such as: Onions, Potatoes, Leeks are sold in Kabul and also exported to Pakistan and other countries.
The city was famous for its high quality meat and cream products before the three decades of war. As a result of the war and drought, the livestock population has decreased by 70% in the city. Most residents of the province love to have livestock and it is more common in the districts of: Ajeristan, Malistan, Jaghatu, Rashidan, Jaghori, Qarabagh, wajhaz, Gelan and Muqar. People prefer to keep more sheep than goats, and almost every household in the province keeps one cow.
The main livestock products that are common and can be sold locally are:
Quroot, (dried dehydrated yogurt balls)
Chaka (Similar to sour cream)
Although the livestock population has gone down significantly, the access to services like artificial insemination, improved breeds, and vaccination has improved during the last five years. Black smiths (Ahangari) and copper smiths (messgary) were previously common professions in Ghazni, but now these are also in decline due to import of cheap products from China.
The embroidery from sheep skin which is called Posteendozi (making coat from sheep skin) was famous in the region but this profession is also on decline too. People were involved in making wool as well but the wool business has decreased significantly compared to the past. Some of the people in Ghaghori and Malistan are still busy in making wool products like Nammad and Glem.
Now Mosaic and brick making is common due to increased construction activities in some of the peaceful areas of the city.
The province has several districts such as:
The districts such as:
Malistan, Jaghuri, Nawur, parts of Qarabagh, Dih Yak and Jaghatu are part of the Hazara domination which is known as Hazarajat.
This is the Satellite map of Ghazni province. Please click on the + button on top lift side of the map to zoom in and move your cursor for more details of the city.
The interesting place in the city is the mausoleum of Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi, which is located in the center of the city as well as some other places are worth to see such as: The tomb of Al Biruni and Sanayee.