Ghazni History

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Ghazni History, from 683 AD, when the Arab armies brought Islam to the area and attempted to conquer the capital of Ghazni, but the local tribes fiercely resisted. The city was completely destroyed by the Saffarids in 869 and a substantial portion of the local population including Hindus and Buddhists were converted to Islam by Mahmood of Ghazni. After the rebuilding of the city by Yaqub’s brother, the city became the capital of the Ghaznavid (Ghaznawi) Empire from 994 to 1160. It encompassed much of northern India, Persia and Central Asia.

Many iconoclastic campaigns were launched from Ghazni into India. The Ghaznavids took Islam to India and returned with fabulous riches taken from both prince and temple god. The capital was razed in 1151 by the Ghorid Alauddin. The city flourished again but only to be permanently devastated, this time in 1221 by Genghis Khan and his Mongol armies. As it says in the history of Ghani, The city was called into different names in the past such as: Ghaznîn, Sejestan, Ghazna and Ghazni which remained as the current name. As the Ghazny history shows, during the First Anglo-Afghan War, the city was stormed and taken over by the British forces on July 1839. The city was occupied during the battle of Ghazni because of its strategic position.
Throughout the centuries, Ghazni city has been one of the important cities in both economically and strategically to the possession of the capital Kabul. Ghazni history shows that the foriegn invadors have several times tried to invade the city due to the strategic location of Ghanzni to the capital Kabul.

In the 1960s a 15-meter female Buddha was discovered lying on its back and surrounded by empty pillars that once held rows of smaller male Buddhas but some parts of the female Buddha have been stolen. In the 1980s a mud brick shelter and wooden supports were created to protect the sculpture but due to war and poverty the wooden supports were stolen for firewood and the shelter partially collapsed and destroyed.


Ghazni is famous for its minarets which were built by Bahram Shah during the Ghaznavid Empire in the middle of the twelfth century and they are the surviving element of Bahram shah’s mosque.

Since the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan in October 2001, there has been a provincial reconstruction team by international forces ‘NATO’ which are involved in security establishment and reconstruction. These western forces are hunting the Taliban militants and al-Qaida, which they are still active in the area causing deaths to Afghan government employees and local civilian of the province. Lately the activities of the Taliban rebels are largely visible in the region and they have several districts of the province under control such as Giro district. In 2006 the former governor Taj Mohammad was killed by terrorists after being appointed as a police chief of the province with a mandate to quell the power of the Taliban. In July 2007, 23 South Korean volunteers were kidnapped in Ghazni province by the Taliban. Two of them were killed and 21 of them released after several months.

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