Afghanistan Herat City

Afghanistan Herat province is also considered as one of largest cities in the region with the estimated population of 349,000 people.


Herat city was called by different names such as: Haraiva, Harî, and Aria in the past. The city is situated in the valley of the Hari River, which flows from the mountains of central Afghanistan to the Karakum Desert in Turkmenistan.

There are several ethnic groups living in Herat Afghanistan, but the main spoken Language is Dari with an accent a little different than the capital Kabul. Herat is an ancient city with many historical places and buildings, although most of these historical monuments have been severely damaged in various military conflicts during the last few decades. The Herat city is dominated by the remains of a citadel constructed by Alexander the Great. During the middle ages the region became one of the important cities of Khorasan, and it was known as the Pearl of Khorasan.

History of Herat

Afghanistan herat province is presently a part of Afghanistan's new central government and considered as one of biggest provinces. The city of herat is under control of NATO peacekeeping forces which provides security around the city and led by Italian troops.

Afghanistan Herat province has several districts and neighborhoods such as:

  • Adraskan

  • Chishti Sharif

  • Farsi

  • Ghoryan

  • Gulran

  • Guzara

  • Herat

  • Injeil

  • Karukh

  • Kohsan

  • Kushk

  • Kushki Kuhna

  • Obee

  • Pashtun Zarghun (known as Foshanj)

  • Shindand (known as Sabzawar)

  • Zinda Jan

The Hotels in downtown of Herat Afghanistan, includs:

  • Serena Hotel (coming soon)

  • Diamond Hotel

  • Marcopolo Hotel

Some of the monuments in Herat city are:

  • Citadel of Alexander

  • Musalla Complex

  • The Old Fort

The museums of Herat province are:

  • National Museum of the city

  • Jihad Museum

Mausoleums of the city are:

  • Tomb of Queen Gawarshad

  • Tomb of Jamih

  • Tomb of Kwaja Ghaltan

Mosques of the city are:

  • Juma Mosque (Friday Mosque)

  • Khelqa Sharif

  • Shah Zahda ha

The city Parks are:

  • Park-e Taraki

  • Park-e Millat

  • Khana-e Jihad Park

Afghanistan Herat, has so many famous people which left their memories behind. These famouse people are such as:

  • Khwajah Abdullah Ansari, a famous Persian poet of the 11th century.

  • Nur ud-Din Jami, A famous Persian Sufi poet of the 15th century.

  • Nizam ud-Din -Ali Shir Nawayee, A famous poet and politician of the Timurid era.

  • Ustad Kamal ud-Din Behzad, A great artist (painter)

  • Gawharshad Beigum, Wife of Shahrukh Mirza

  • Mirza Shahrukh bin Timor Barlas, Emperor of the Timurid Dynasty of the region

  • Mirza Husseyn Bayeqarah, Emperor of the Timurid Dynasty

  • Shah Abbas The Great, Emperor of Safavids (Safawys) Persia

  • Abbas Qulli Khan Shamlu, Safawy Governor of the city in (1812)

  • Latif Nazemi, A famous poet of modern times

  • Mauwlana Fayzani, A famous reformer and philosopher of the 20th century

  • Amir Jan Saburi - A famous composer and singer from Adraskan district

The current governor of Herat province is Sayed Hussain Anwari, former minister of agriculture and governor of Kabul Province. He was appointed by ministry of interior in January 2007.

Here is the satellite map of Afghanistan Herat province. Please click on the + button on top lift side of the map to zoom in and move your cursor for more details of the city.

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